Do you know enough First Aid to save a life?
Let's face it, even in our daily lives, disaster can strike at any moment. Would you know what to do to survive or to save someone else's life?
The following questions will measure how helpful you would be to an injured person. Take your best guess, and know that the right answers may not be complete solutions.
- Your driving on the freeway and see an accident. You're the first person on the scene, and have no phone signal because you are in a remote area. One person is still in the car, and cannot feel her legs. The car is not burning. What do you do?Pull her out of the car and elevate her head.Keep driving. Use thoughts and prayers to bring her to safety.Tell everyone to leave her in the car and not to move her, then go for help.Pull her out of the car, but keep her flat.
- You are hiking when a snake attacks your companion, biting him in the leg. What do you do?Apply a tourniquet at once!Suck the poison out of the wound.Keep the wound below your companion's heart, and call Emergency Services immediately. If you are out of range, help your companion walk back to the car. If you are WAY out of range, gently apply a tourniquet and walk your companion back. The fast she gets to the hospital the more likely it is she will survive.Keep your companion calm so the poison doesn't spread as fast, and go by yourself to get help.Run like hell.
- Your car has gone off-road and careened into a lake. How do you survive this? (tip: buy an inexpensive window breaker to carry on your keychain)Wait until the pressure of the outside has equalized with the pressure on the inside by letting the car sink before you try to escape.Get out of the car as soon as you can. Your automatic windows will work for a few minutes, but if they don't, hit the corner of a window as hard as you can to break it. Opening a car door once underwater is next to impossible.Call Emergency Services.
- Well, your husband finally got that "official Red Ryder carbine action, 200-shot, range model air rifle with a compass in the stock and this thing that tells time" for Christmas, but Mom was right, he poked his eye out. Well, not OUT, but something happened, and his eye was definitely poked. What do you do?Call Emergency Services.Put an ice pack on his eye and go to the ER.Put pressure on the eye.Apply a dry dressing of gauze or a washcloth and get him to the ER at once.Pry his eyelid open to see what's going on.
- Ouch! You and your friend were swimming at the famous Sandy Beach in Hawaii, and he got stung by a bunch of jellyfish. Now what?Joey from Friends was right, pee on it to show your love.Pour alcohol on it.Rinse it with fresh water, and put butter on it.Rinse it with sea water, and remove any tentacles, then pat with a cloth soaked in white vinegar.
- You're watching a baseball game, and one of the players (not wearing a helmet, bad move) gets bonked in the head and drops to the ground. What do you do?Call Emergency Services for an ambulance and don't move her.Put butter on it.Lay him flat, and then put a cushion under his head with whatever you have on hand.Pick him up and take him to the ER.
- You find your toddler holding an empty jar of medicine. You have no idea if she took any or not. What do you do?Call Poison Control immediately (US number is 800-222-1222).Wait and see if she starts acting sick.Induce vomiting, just in case.Give her milk.Google the medicine to see what to do.
- Yeow! Hot coffee just spilled on your lap! What do you do?Put ice on it.Remove clothing and run cool water over it for 10 minutes, then dress the wound.Call a doctor if the wound blisters.Sue McDonald's - their coffee shouldn't be hot enough to blister skin.
- While hiking on a beautiful summer day, you come across a man who looks very pale and weak and is breathing rapidly. His skin is extremely warm to the touch, he seems confused and irritable, and his speech is not clear. His water bottle is empty and he has no food. What do you do?Give him mouth to mouth, he's not getting enough oxygen.He's probably been bitten by a brown recluse spider. Walk him back to the trailhead and instruct him to drive to the nearest fire station.Give him a sandwich. He clearly has a low blood glucose. Make sure he starts to gain strength within the next 15 minutes. If not, take him to the nearest hospital, fire station, or even a police station for immediate help.Call 911 if you can, if not, have a member of your party go a place with cell reception and call 911. This is a life-threatening situation. Get that man some water ASAP, put him in the shade, fan him and do anything you can to cool him down.
- You and your husband are washing the windows on the outside of the house. He falls from the ladder, and you see that bone is protruding from his leg. Of course you call 911 and know to NOT move the body, including the head or neck. What do you do in the meantime?First worry about the bleeding. If it is bleeding profusely, and you have gauze, use it. If not, use the cleanest cloth you have and apply pressure to the wound (*NOT* the bone). Next, start to treat him for shock by keeping him warm with a blanket or other material.This is a great opportunity to finish your tax return.Keep him cool to slow down the blood flow by pouring ice all over his body.Thoughts and Prayers. Seems to be the go-to emergency response for millions of people, and how can millions of people be wrong?
- You come across a person lying on the ground. The victim has difficulty speaking and appears weak and trembling. He manages to say that he’s hungry and appears to be nervous. He complains of feeling faint and dizzy. What do you do?Give him $10.00 to go get lunch.Get him some water. He seems dehydrated.Get him some sugar ASAP. He appears to be suffering from a diabetic hypoglycemic attack.Raise his feet to get more blood to his head.
- You are at the beach and notice a child in the water who appears to be looking up at something. Her mouth is bobbing around water level, but she isn't crying for help. There are a lot of people around her, but she's not reaching for anyone. What could be going on, and what should you do?Don't do anything, she is fine. Not everything is an emergency!She ate too much for lunch and will be okay. Children do sometimes get stomach cramps, but it is mild discomfort rather than drowning.The girl is drowning. Contrary to what you see in the movies, drowning people do not yell out because vocalization is secondary to breathing - which they are desperately trying to do. Usually they come out of the water, exhale, and don't have time to inhale much before going under again. Get her out of the water and call 911 even if she seems fine. Look up the term "Dry Drowning".She is drowning. Get her out of the water. Perform mouth to mouth resuscitation if necessary. Make sure she is breathing alright before you leave.
- How should you open the airway of an unconscious person?Gently tilt their head back and then lift their chin.Do an emergency tracheotomy with a straw or the body of a pen.Pry their mouth open with a stick.Roll them onto their side.
- You are alone with an unconscious, non-breathing adult, what should you do first?Call 911 (if you can), then start CPR.Poke him with a stick to see if he moves.Start CPR immediately.Roll them to their side.
- What is something you do NOT do during CPR?Open the airway.Pinch the nose.Seal your lips around theirs and give 1 second breaths.Slap them in the face until they regain consciousness.
- You’re having lunch with a friend and he begins to choke on some food. He can’t speak, breathe or cough it up. What should you do first?Put your fingers down his throat to try to clear the airway.Perform the Heimlich Maneuver.Ask him if he's enjoying his meal.Give him 5 firm slaps between his shoulder blades.
- Your friend is complaining of chest pains and difficulty breathing. What is the first thing you should do?Have her sit down, preferably with her back and neck supported and knees drawn up to reduce stress to the heart.Have her walk around the room to keep her heart pumping.Order a pizza, this is going to be a long night.Tell her to lie down on her side.
- You come across a man who is unconscious, but breathing. What do you do?Perform CPR at once.Slap him until he wakes up.Draw a mustache on his face if he doesn't already have one.Make sure his airway is clear, and call 911.
- Your neighbor has had a heart attack and is not breathing, nor has a pulse. How do you react?Give 100 compressions and hope that does the trick.Give 30 compressions, followed by 2 breaths. Rinse and repeat until help arrives.Go grab some cold water to throw on her face.Give 30 breaths, followed by 2 compressions. Continue this until help arrives.
- You suspect that one of your coworkers has been electrocuted by touching a faulty wire. What do you do?First, see if he is in contact with the power source. If he is, do NOT touch him, but run to the breaker box to stop the current immediately.Move the power source away from him. You may need to stand on some dry insulating material (such as a plastic mat or wooden box) and use a broom or wooden pole to push his limb away from the source. Do NOT use anything with metal to do this.Throw some water on him so you can have his job.Call 911 before you do anything else.