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Anyone can have ADHD, regardless of age, gender, or race. The symptoms start in childhood. However, depending on a number of factors, it may go unnoticed and undiagnosed until adulthood. By adjusting for the global demographic structure in 2020, the prevalence of persistent adult ADHD was 2.58%, and that of symptomatic adult ADHD was 6.76%, translating to 139.84 million and 366.33 million affected adults in 2020 globally.
Have you ever doubted that you have ADHD to some extent? Here's how we could help. This test will analyze whether you have ADHD to some degree by answering 25 questions on six dimensions and evaluating the overall degree of severity. When answering the questions, please consider how they have applied to you in the past year.
A shout-out to the world: ADHD is not an excuse; it's an explanation.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurological disorder that impacts the parts of the brain that help us plan, focus on, and execute tasks. ADHD symptoms vary by sub-type aka inattentive, hyperactive, or combined.
The cause(s) and risk factors for ADHD are unknown, but current research shows that genetics plays an important role. In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors, including:
On the other hand, many myths about the potential causes of ADHD have been proven false. These include eating large amounts of sugar, watching too much television, as well as experiencing poverty or turmoil in the family. Such factors may worsen symptoms of ADHD but don't cause it.
People with primarily hyperactive-impulsive ADHD act “as if driven by a motor” with little impulse control, such as moving, squirming, and talking at even the most inappropriate times. They are impulsive, impatient, and interrupt others. Children with hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD can be a disruption in the classroom. They can make learning more difficult for themselves and other students.
People with the inattentive subtype of ADHD have difficulty focusing, finishing tasks, and following instructions. They are easily distracted and forgetful. They may be daydreamers who lose track of homework, cell phones, and conversations with regularity. You may struggle with impulse control or hyperactivity at times. But these aren’t the main characteristics of inattentive ADHD. Experts believe that many children with the inattentive subtype of ADHD may go undiagnosed because they do not tend to disrupt the learning environment. This was once called “ADD” (Attention deficit disorder) compared to “ADHD”
If you have the combination type, your symptoms don’t exclusively fall within the inattention or hyperactive-impulsive behavior. Instead, a combination of symptoms from both categories is exhibited. With or without ADHD, most people experience some degree of inattentive or impulsive behavior. But it’s more severe in people with ADHD. The behavior occurs more often and interferes with how you function at home, school, work, and social situations. Symptoms can change over time, so the type of ADHD you have may change, too. ADHD can be a lifelong challenge. But medication and other treatments can help improve your quality of life.
It’s human to forget things occasionally, but for someone with ADHD, forgetfulness tends to occur more often. It can include forgetting to do their chores, run errands, return calls, or pay their bills on time. Sometimes forgetfulness can be bothersome but not to the point of causing serious disruptions. Other times, it can be serious. The bottom line is that forgetfulness can affect careers and relationships.
Inattention, aka lack of focus, is the most telltale symptom of ADHD. People with this symptom find it hard to pay sustained patience and attention to minute details. That leads to quickly being bored and daydreaming a lot. What surprises us is that according to a small 2020 study, people with ADHD are often easily distracted; however, they may also have something called hyperfocus. A person with ADHD can get so engrossed in something that they can become unaware of anything else around them. This focus makes it easier to lose track of time and ignore those around you. And it can lead to relationship misunderstandings.
Hyperactivity means a person may seem to move about constantly, including in situations when it is not appropriate, or excessively fidgets, taps, or talks. In adults, hyperactivity may mean extreme restlessness, like talking too much. People with this symptom often cannot play or participate in leisure activities quietly. It feels like the internal motor won't shut off. However, once it gets to the limit, it leads to frustration and anxiety.
Impulsivity refers to acting without thinking first. People with this symptom always Interrupt conversations or speak out of turn. They can’t help annoying people by blurting out comments at inappropriate times. Practically speaking, impulse control is one of the trickiest parts of ADHD. Even the first step of admitting we’re someone who flies off the handle is tricky because it’s a real struggle session of the ego.
For people with this symptom, time can be a mystery due to a different time processing system in their brain. One day, they can spend what feels like a minute or two looking at old photos, only to find three hours have gone by. The next, they spend what feels like three or four hours cleaning the house, but when they look at the clock, they see that it’s only been about thirty-five minutes. This poor time awareness makes it hard to estimate how long a given task will take. It is surprisingly difficult for them to set goals, meet deadlines, and plan for the future
Emotional dysregulation is a common symptom of ADHD that is not talked about as often as hyperactivity or inattentiveness. It means the inability to manage, moderate, or put one’s emotions into context. People with this symptom might have difficulty dealing with grief, loss, and negative events. With that being said, friendships are hard for them to maintain. They might also experience other mental health conditions such as anxiety and depression due to a lack of emotional regulation.